DUTCH (_ Nederlands_ (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of Belgium —and by another 5 million as a second language.
It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German.
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Dutch vocabulary is mostly Germanic and incorporates more Romance loans than German but far fewer than English.
CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 History * 2.1 Origins * 2.2 Frankish (3rd century – ) * 2.3 Old Dutch (5th – 12th century) * 2.4 Middle Dutch (12th – 15th century) * 2.5 Modern Dutch (15th century – ) * 3 Classification * 4 Dutch varieties * 4.1 Dialect groups * 4.2 Regional languages * 4.3 Daughter and sister languages * 5 Geographic distribution * 5.1 Europe * 5.2 Asia and Australasia * 5.2.1 Asia * 5.2.2 Australasia * 5.3 Americas * 5.4 Africa * 6 Phonology * 6.1 Consonants * 6.2 Vowels * 6.3 Diphthongs * 6.4 Phonotactics * 6.5 Polder Dutch * 7 Grammar * 7.1 Verbs and tenses * 7.2 Genders and cases * 7.3 Word order * 7.4 Diminutives * 7.5 Pronouns and determiners * 7.6 Compounds * 8 Vocabulary * 9 Spelling and writing system * 10 See also * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 Bibliography * 14 External links NAME Main article: Terminology of the Low Countries In both Belgium and the Netherlands, the native official name for Dutch is _Nederlands_, and its dialects have their own names, e.g.
Hollands ("Hollandic"), West-Vlaams ("West Flemish"), Brabants ("Brabantian").
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) is a municipality, a city and an old Hanseatic city at the lower reaches of the river IJssel in the Dutch province of Overijssel.
The municipality of Kampen had a population of 51,278 in 2017 and covers an area of 161.79 square kilometres (62.47 square miles).
Traditionally people in Kampen speak a variation of the Sallands dialect, known as Kampers.
By 1150, there were already wooden buildings on the site where Kampen is currently located.